New Delhi, India (Urban Transport News): “Bullet train project is human-friendly and eco-friendly. The project provides ‘Suvidha’ and Suraksha, it brings ‘Rozgar’ and ‘Raftar’,” said Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
Lifeline of the Nation, Indian Railways brings home the Japanese Shinkansen, colloquially known as the bullet train. The Shinkansen E5 series are high-speed Japanese trains built by Japanese Industries. They can run at 320 kmph and are 3.35m wide. These trains will come equipped with an Advanced Driver Support System and Urgent Earthquake Detection and Alarm System (UrEDAS). The trains will also be modified to operate under Indian temperatures. The Mumbai Ahmedabad High-Speed Rail (MAHSR) corridor will be the first to operate 24 of these high-speed bullet trains in the country. India’s first High-Speed Rail (HSR) project, MAHSR, will expand over 508 km.
The Mumbai-Ahmedabad High Speed Rail corridor comprises 460.3 km of viaducts, 25.87 km of tunnels, 12.9 km of cut and fill, and 9.22 km of bridges. A 21 km underground tunnel will connect Bandra Kurla Complex in Mumbai to Thane, of which 7 km will be undersea. The undersea tunnel was chosen to avoid damaging the thick vegetation and wildlife present in the area. This tunnel will be India’s first and longest undersea rail tunnel illustrating India’s engineering prowess. The tunnel will be a single tube with a diameter of 13.2 m and will be built in phases using both the New Austrian Tunnelling Method (NATM) and Tunnel Boring Machine (TBM) methods.
1) 75 KM Pier work completed in Gujarat section
2) 156 KM of piling work completed in Gujarat section
3) Work on all 8 stations in Gujarat, under various stages of completion
4) 100% civil & track contracts awarded for section of 352 KM
The Railway Ministry has assigned the work for the survey and preparation of a Detailed Project Report (DPR) for seven other High-Speed Rail (HSR) corridors to the National High Speed Rail Corporation Limited (NHSRCL). These corridors include Delhi — Varanasi, Delhi — Amritsar, Delhi — Ahmedabad, Mumbai — Nagpur, Mumbai — Hyderabad, Chennai — Bangalore — Mysore, and Varanasi — Howrah.
To promote the spirit and implementation of the “Make in India” initiative, research departments and Railway Universities are being set up by the Ministry to conduct research and implement the present and upcoming projects. One such university was inaugurated at the National Academy of Indian Railways, Vadodara, in 2018. Other such institutions involve MCRT- IIT BHU, CRR- IIT Kharagpur, and Research Design and Standards Organization (RDSO).
Indian Railways has taken a much-needed step towards strengthening the country’s infrastructure. Bullet trains will undoubtedly improve the quality of life, boost the economy, generate employment, reduce air pollution and traffic congestion, and provide a “safety valve” for crowded cities, especially in a developing country like India.